11. The nationwide Archives sources for censuses
Search machines on web sites differ, as well as may also alter in the long run, however the National that is original archives never change. From a different site, or from some other source if you have a full reference, you can use it to find a page on Ancestry.co.uk or on Findmypast.co.uk, even if you have obtained it. That is specially helpful whenever an individual may be located utilizing a true title search on one web web web site, not on another, because of variations in transcription.
You might find census sources quoted in books and articles, and you may must also understand how to utilize them if you’re consulting our online and street that is hard-copy (see area 4.2).
A census guide has three elements that are main a division (page) rule, a string quantity, and a bit quantity. The division and show codes for every single census 12 months are:
- 1841 and 1851: HO 107
- 1861: RG 9
- 1871: RG 10
- 1881: RG 11
- 1891: RG 12
- 1901: RG 13
- 1911: RG 14
A piece may include a huge selection of pages, so additional information is needed to get the right destination within a piece. The census returns for the majority of years have a solitary structure, but you will find slightly various plans for 1841 and 1911.
Census returns from 1851 to 1901
The additional refererence is a folio quantity and (optionally) a typical page quantity.
Each piece contains enumeration that is several with numbered pages. Later on, folio figures were stamped at the top right corner of any page that is right-hand beginning at the beginning of the piece and continuing through all of the enumeration publications. Since folio figures look just on alternative pages, each folio represents the web page where it seems plus the after web page. Consequently a set, piece and folio guide allows you to find the right set of pages but a typical page quantity may be put into the reference to recognize a solitary page, if needed, such as this instance through the 1891 census:
The nationwide Archives guide with this web page, through the 1891 census, is RG 12/1822, Folio 156, web Page 5.
Both Ancestry.co.uk and Findmypast.co.uk provide a reference that is exact center for every census 12 months.
The 1841 census
Each piece in 1841 is further divided in to books, therefore a complete guide requires to add a guide quantity following the piece quantity, for instance HO 107/1298/8. Each guide then contains its series that is own of figures.
The 1911 census
For the very first time the household schedules had been held, rather than being copied into enumeration publications. Each piece represents an enumeration region, and in place of folio figures, each home includes an unique routine quantity when you look at the top right-hand corner, in order for a reference will likely to be within the format RG 14/26288 Sch 227.
Organizations and vessels don’t have routine numbers, rather the given information ended up being recorded directly into unique enumeration books with numbered pages, like in past census years.
12. Censuses for Scotland and Ireland
Search and see the census returns for Scotland from 1841 to 1911 at Scotlandspeople (Ј).
Census returns for Scotland are nearly identical in structure to those for England and Wales, with the exception of 1911, whenever likewise detailed information had been collected but ended up being then copied into enumeration publications as with previous years, so might there be no home schedules or enumerators’ summary books.
Indexes towards the Scottish censuses 1841-1901 may also be available on Ancestry.co.uk (Ј) and Findmypast.co.uk (Ј). Neither among these indexes has links to digitised pictures.
Regrettably, few 19th-century Irish census returns have actually survived; many were lost once the Public Record workplace ended up being damaged within the fire in the Four Courts in Dublin 1922. Just the 1901 and 1911 censuses survived, along side an extremely tiny amount of earlier in the day comes back. View digitised and indexed images regarding the Census of Ireland 1901/1911 and Census fragments and substitutes, 1821-51 (including Ireland that is northern the National Archives of Ireland internet site.
13. Uk colonies and protectorates
Censuses had been additionally drawn in numerous Uk colonies on exactly the same times like in great britain. Surviving documents among these will ordinarily be located within the nation of beginning, rather than when you look at the National Archives. The only exceptions to this are:
- Census of settlers and convicts in brand brand New Southern Wales and Tasmania 1828 in HO 10/21-27. These papers may be installed cost-free as Digital microfilm. a name-indexed version is also online at Ancestry.co.uk ( Ј )
- Census of Surinam 1811 in CO 278/15-25. A few of the documents come in English, however the majority have been in Dutch
- Census (of this population that is white) of Barbados 1715 in CO 28/16
- Census of Sierra Leone: ‘population and liberated Africans’ 1831 in CO 267/111
- Census of Heligoland 1881 in CO 122/37
14. Other latin brides useful online resources
Access census street indexes inside our internet Archive. These are archived pages that are no longer edited or updated as with all content in the UK Government Web Archive.
Learn about the fire that destroyed the 1931 Census for England and Wales, Channel Islands and Isle of guy. the Your Archives pages now held in britain Government internet Archive.
Browse Vision of Britain for reports according to information from censuses as much as 1971, or seek out census data associated with a town or region
Consult The on line Historical Population Reports for online use of the complete populace reports for Britain and Ireland from 1801 to 1937 and considerable history information, including types of papers.
15. Further reading
Use our library catalogue to locate a suggested guide list. The publications are obtainable in The National Archives’ guide library. It’s also possible to manage to see them in a neighborhood collection.
Go to the nationwide Archives’ bookshop for a selection of magazines relating to records that are census.
Search our blog sites for articles regarding the census.
Watch the movie Census records: an introduction, by Audrey Collins.