A typical error whenever combining sentences utilizing the – ing

Hanging Modifiers

A typical blunder whenever combining sentences utilising the – ing verb form would be to misplace the modifier such that it isn’t logically attached to the rest of the phrase. This produces a modifier that is dangling . Look at the example that is following

Running throughout the parking area, my breathing expanded shallow and ragged.

In this phrase, running across the parking area generally seems to change my breathing. The sentence should be rewritten so that the subject is placed immediately after the modifier or added to the dangling phrase since breath cannot jog.

Running throughout the parking area, we felt my breath grow ragged and shallow.

Joining Modifier

Some sentences may be combined utilizing an – ed verb type— stopped, finished, played. To utilize this technique, one of many sentences must include a form of become as an assisting verb as well as the – ed verb type. Have a look at the following example:

Initial sentences: The Jones household was delayed by a traffic jam. They arrived a long time after the celebration began.

Revised sentence: Delayed by way of a traffic jam, the Jones household arrived a long time after the celebration began.

Into the initial variation, had been will act as an assisting verb —it does not have any meaning it serves a grammatical function by placing the main verb ( delayed) in the perfect tense by itself, but.

In order to connect two sentences having an – ed modifier, drop the assisting verb ( had been) together with topic ( the Jones family members) through the phrase with an – ed verb type. This types a modifying expression ( delayed by a traffic jam) which can be included with the end or beginning for the other phrase in accordance with which fits most readily useful. Just like the – ing modifier, be mindful to put your message that the expression modifies right after the expression to avoid a modifier that is dangling.

Making use of ing that is – ed modifiers will help streamline your writing by drawing obvious connections between two sentences. Have a look at exactly exactly how Naomi might utilize modifiers inside her paragraph.

The revised form of the essay uses the – ing modifier opting to draw a connection between the government’s choice to bail out of the banks plus the outcome of that decision—the purchase regarding the mortgage-backed securities.

Joining >Another method that article writers utilize to mix sentences is always to join them using a general clause. a general clause is friends of terms which contains a topic and a verb and describes a noun. Relative clauses work as adjectives by answering concerns such as which one? or the type? Relative clauses start with a relative pronoun, such as for example whom, which, where, why, or whenever. See the examples that are following

Initial sentences: The handling manager is visiting the business in a few days. He lives in Seattle.

Revised phrase: The handling manager, whom lives in Seattle, is going to the business week that is next.

The subject of one of the sentences ( he) for a relative pronoun ( who) to connect two sentences using a relative clause, substitute. Thus giving that you general clause ( who lives in Seattle) that may be put next to the noun it defines ( the managing manager). Be sure to keep consitently the phrase you need to stress whilst the clause that is main. As an example, reversing the primary clause and subordinate clause into the preceding phrase emphasizes where in actuality the handling manager lives, maybe maybe not the fact he could be going to the business.

Revised phrase: The handling manager, that is visiting the business week that is next everyday lives in Seattle.

General clauses are a good method of supplying extra, nonessential information in a phrase. Take a good look at just exactly exactly how Naomi might include general clauses into her essay.

Notice the way the underlined clauses that are relative be removed from Naomi’s essay without changing this is regarding the phrase.

To check on the punctuation of relative clauses, assess whether or perhaps not the clause could be removed from the phrase without changing its meaning. In the event that general clause is perhaps not important to this is regarding the sentence, it must be put in commas. In the event that clause that is relative important to this is associated with phrase, it doesn’t need how to put a book title in an essay commas around it.

Joining >An appositive is really an expressed term or number of words that describes or renames a noun or pronoun. Incorporating appositives into the writing is just a way that is useful of sentences which are too brief and choppy. Have a look at the following example:

Initial sentences: Harland Sanders began food that is serving hungry tourists in 1930. He could be Colonel Sanders or “the Colonel.”

Revised phrase: Harland Sanders, “the Colonel,” started serving meals for hungry tourists in 1930.

In the revised phrase, “the Colonel” can be an appositive since it renames Harland Sanders. To mix two sentences utilizing an appositive, drop the niche and verb through the phrase that renames the noun and transform it as a expression. Observe that when you look at the past instance, the appositive is put just after the noun it defines. An appositive may be put anywhere in a phrase, nonetheless it must come straight before or following the noun to which it relates:

Appositive after noun: Scott, a badly trained athlete, had not been likely to win the competition.

Appositive before noun: a badly trained athlete, Scott was not likely to win the competition.

Unlike general clauses, appositives are often punctuated by a comma or a group commas. Have a look at the way in which Naomi makes use of appositives to incorporate facts that are additional her essay.


By yourself sheet of paper, rewrite the sentence that is following as one sentence making use of the strategies you have got discovered in this area.

  1. Baby sharks are known as pups. Pups could be created in another of 3 ways.
  2. The Pacific Ocean may be the world’s ocean that is largest. It runs through the Arctic into the north to your Southern Ocean within the south.
  3. Michael Phelps won gold that is eight within the 2008 Olympics. He could be a champ swimmer.
  4. Ashley introduced her colleague Dan to her spouse, Jim. She speculated that the pair of them might have great deal in accordance.
  5. Cacao is harvested by hand. It really is then offered to chocolate-processing organizations at the Coffee, glucose, and Cocoa Exchange.

Please share by having a classmate and compare your responses.

Writing at your workplace

Along with varying phrase structure, think about varying the sorts of sentences you will be making use of in a study or other workplace document. Many sentences are declarative, however carefully put concern, exclamation, or demand can pique peers’ interest, even when the written content is fairly dry. That is amazing you might be composing a spending plan analysis. Starting a rhetorical question to your report, such as “Where is our cash going?” or “How can we increase product sales?” encourages visitors to read on to find the answers out. Even though they should really be utilized sparingly in scholastic and expert writing, questions or commands work rhetorical products.

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